poison sumac rash pictures mayo clinic

2005-2023 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Even slight contact, like brushing up against the leaves, can leave the oil behind. A few people develop black spots or streaks of black on their skin rather than a red rash. N/A. You probably won't need medical treatment for a poison ivy rash unless it spreads widely, persists for more than a few weeks or becomes infected. health information, we will treat all of that information as protected health Accessed April 4, 2017. Each leaf has clusters of seven to 13. Most people -- about 85% -- are allergic to urushiol. Wear socks, pants and long sleeves when outdoors. Poison sumac also goes by the name thunderwood in the southeastern US.. Some people are more sensitive to the plants and will have harsher symptoms. Symptoms, Treatment, and More, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, 10 Natural Ingredients That Repel Mosquitoes, Dominique Fontaine, BSN, RN, HNB-BC, HWNC-BC, Why You Need to Reconsider That Sunscreen Youre Using, leaves that consist of 713 leaflets arranged in pairs with a single leaflet at the end, elongated leaflets with a smooth, velvety texture, smooth edges, and a V-shaped point, bright orange leaves in the early spring that later become dark green and glossy, and then turn red-orange in the fall, ivory-white to gray fruits that are loosely packed, topical anesthetics, such as menthol or benzocaine, oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl). Poison sumac is more similar to poison ivy and poison oak than it is to other sumacs. If they can, wear higher socks or longer clothing to cover their legs. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. 4th ed. Poison oak, poison sumac and the fruit rind of mangoes cause a similar rash. http://www.uptodate.com/home. In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. 8th ed. We avoid using tertiary references. "University of Connecticut Integrated Pest Management: "Dealing With Poison Ivy. as this could lead to an infection. Poison ivy/oak/sumac. Cleveland Clinic Community Care puts patients first by offering comprehensive, coordinated, personalized healthcare. . If you develop a rash, it can be very itchy and last for weeks. Mr. Howland: The rash typically goes away after a few weeks. While poison sumac likes to grow in wetlands, most other sumacs prefer drier areas with well-drained soils. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Poison oak rash can produce a severe, painful rash. Kurlan JG, Lucky AW. Soak the affected area in a cool-water bath that has about a half cup (100 grams) of baking soda or an oatmeal-based bath product (Aveeno) in it. Poison sumac rash should be treated as soon as possible because it can last for weeks without treatment. Rash covering more than a quarter of your body. He just left me totally devastated and it was another year before I got into Mayo Clinic, where the surgeons there totally repaired all of . This strong-smelling nightshade herb has thick stems that grow 4 feet tall, with leaves up to 3 inches long. The rash is caused by an allergic reaction to the oil. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) is a deciduous tree or tall shrub found in moist, swampy areas of the eastern United States. Poison sumac is toxic thanks to the compound called . Poison sumac leaves grow in clusters of seven to 13 leaves, with one by itself at the end. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2019. Keep your skin covered to avoid contact with these plants. The blisters crust over, and the rash clears in 2 to 3 weeks. Fall leaves are yellow, orange and red. Just because you've never had a rash from one of these plants doesn't mean you're in the clear. You may need prescription medication for a rash that's severe or widespread, especially if it's on your face or genitals. Each leaf on a poison ivy plant has three smaller leaflets. Its bell-shaped flowers are often bright purple but can be white, yellow, or pink. This plant looks like a wild carrot or an unusually big parsley plant because of the umbrella-like bunches of tiny white flowers and distinctive leaves. Accessed April 4, 2017. Kids may mistake it for honeysuckle and eat the nectar. Carson A. Rash on the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, mouth or genitals. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Gibson LE (expert opinion). Some people develop 1 or 2 small rashes. Journalists: Broadcast-quality video pkg (0:59) is in the downloads at the end of the post. It blooms in the spring. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The rash is actually an allergic reaction to urushiol, a plant oil. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2019. Symptoms of lung irritation include coughing, difficulty breathing, and wheezing. information highlighted below and resubmit the form. The plants release urushiol oil, a substance found in the stems, leaves, fruit and leaves, when they are bruised or damaged. It usually peaks within a week, but can last as long as 3 weeks. It worked: The Romans lost. Find more health and medical information onmayoclinic.org. Also, each stem on the poison sumac plant has a cluster of leaflets with smooth edges, while harmless sumac leaves have jagged edges. Keep it up for 15 to 20 minutes. Poison Sumac: Grows as a tall shrub or small tree in bogs or swamps in the Northeast, Midwest, and parts of the Southeast. Outsmarting poison ivy and other poisonous plants. You can protect yourself by avoiding the plants. Severe cases require medical attention. Handle contaminated clothing carefully so that you don't transfer the urushiol to yourself, furniture, rugs or appliances. Myth. Each stem grows into three leaflets that might help you notice it in the woods. A poison oak rash "looks very similar or even identical" to a poison ivy rash, he says. Mr. Howland: Dr. Summer Allen, a Mayo Clinic family physician, says, if you come into contact with a plant like poison ivy, wash the exposed skin right away. When . There is no cure for the rash. This oil is in the leaves, stems and roots of poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac. Blister fluid doesn't contain urushiol and won't spread the rash. Accessed June 10, 2020. In the East, Midwest, and South, it grows as a vine, and in the North and the West as a shrub. Dr. Allen: Make sure to wash all their clothing. Most people are sensitive to the plants' oily sap. The berries can give you diarrhea and slow or stop your heart. This woody shrub grows in wet, swampy areas all over the U.S. Each stem has 7 to 13 leaves and clusters of green berries that droop. See your doctor if pus starts oozing from the blisters. Act fast. 0 Shop NowFind Eye Doctor Conditions Conditions Eye Conditions, A-Z Eye Conditions, A-Z Learn how to prevent and treat it. As the name indicates, Poison Sumac is a poisonous plant. The rash is caused by oils in the plants. Nearly everyone who touches urushiol gets a poison ivy rash. Reach out to your healthcare provider if you have a poison plant rash and you experience: If you have a poison plant rash, you may want to ask your healthcare provider: Its hard not to scratch an itchy poison ivy rash. Most people develop an itchy, red, and blistering rash. The poison sumac rash looks like streaky patches of red blisters. Others develop rashes all over. Time; 2017. Image 1 used with permission of the American Academy of Dermatology National Library of Dermatologic Teaching Slides. Rashes typically appear red, slightly raised or swollen with occasional blisters. It can happen when the eye doesn't produce enough tears, or Colorectal canceris the second-leading cause of cancer death in the U.S. Colorectal cancercannot be totally prevented, but there are ways to lower your risk and Up to 10% of newborns are born with ankyloglossia, a condition more commonly known as tongue-tie. You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on Poison ivy strikes again or maybe it's poison oak or poison sumac, as all three plants contain the same oily, allergy-inducing sap called urushiol. Be careful -- urushiol remains active, even on dead plants. Picture 2 - Poison Ivy and Rash. The intensity of the itch and severity of the rash can differ from person to person. Miliaria. A poison ivy rash will eventually go away on its own. June 29, 2020. Wash your skin or your pet's fur. Only humans are susceptible to the poison . Poison ivy (Toxicodendron) dermatitis. Sign up for free, and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips and current health topics, like COVID-19, plus expertise on managing health. Skin with less oil tends to react later. 2015;54:271. Mayo Clinic offers appointments in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota and at Mayo Clinic Health System locations. If your pet explores areas where these plants are found, bathe them with soap and cool water. Your doctor might prescribe antibiotics. Most cases can be managed at home with household and OTC products. Accessed April 4, 2017. Some plant killers may work. Poison ivy and poison oak grow as vines or shrubs. A rash from one of these poisonous plants usually shows up as red, itchy bumps on the skin. Theyre shiny with smooth or slightly notched edges. Typically, if an individual has not had a previous rash . 2005 - 2023 WebMD LLC. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic Press. Poison ivy is the only one that always has three leaves, one on each side and one in the center. 1998-2023 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Keep this common Christmas holiday tradition away from kids and pets. In the fall, the leaves may turn yellow, orange or red. Dermatoses due to plants. In: Bolognia JL, et al. It won't spread the rash, but can cause scars or infection. Thompson DA. The rashes can last for a few weeks. Policy. When you touch a poisonous plant or an object thats been in contact with a plant, you develop an itchy rash. New leaves are red in spring and dying leaves are yellow. When the oil comes in contact with your skin, it triggers itchy red blisters that leak or "weep," similar to poison ivy and poison oak. In: Mayo Clinic Book of Home Remedies. Mayo Clinic Minute: Who should be screened for colorectal cancer? 4th ed. This oily resin is very sticky, so it easily attaches to your skin, clothing, tools, equipment and pet's fur. Just one leaf is enough to kill an adult. The plants arent really poisonous. Find out what can help. A poison ivy rash usually resolves on its own within a few weeks. But if you burn them in your yard, the smoke could cause problems. If you go to a clinic, your doctor will likely diagnose your rash by looking at it. If you develop a rash, it can be itchy and last for weeks. Learn when itching is serious and how to treat it. There are a few things to avoid. This tall shrub has long, leathery leaves that grow in groups of three. Although washing your skin immediately after exposure can help reduce your risk of getting a rash, the uroshiol's oily nature can make it difficult to wash off. You dont have to be exposed to much: 50 micrograms of urushiol an amount smaller than a grain of salt is enough to cause a reaction. It also has separated leaves that look similar to parsley. It can poison humans and livestock when eaten. All rights reserved. It thrives in the wild in some places, too. Take special care to clean under the fingernails to avoid spreading the oil to the eyes and other parts of the body. These spots look like black lacquer spilled onto the skin. wordlist = ['!', '$.027', '$.03', '$.054/mbf', '$.07', '$.07/cwt', '$.076', '$.09', '$.10-a-minute', '$.105', '$.12', '$.30', '$.30/mbf', '$.50', '$.65', '$.75', '$. Get useful, helpful and relevant health + wellness information. If your throat or mouth feels burned or irritated, try to drink a little milk or water. Poison Sumac sprouts. But if you develop a rash after touching a piece of clothing or pet fur that has urushiol on it, the rash may be more spread out. If a bacterial infection has developed at the rash site, your doctor might prescribe an oral antibiotic. Look for those stinging hairs on the stem, which are the telltale sign. Will popping the blisters spread the rash? Poison hemlock has. The poison sumac plant has smooth-edged leaves and can grow as a bush or tree. The poison (solanine) can give you headache, drowsiness, stomachache, vomiting, trembling, lowered temperature, dilated pupils, and diarrhea. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Symptoms include: Your healthcare provider will look at the rash, assess your symptoms and ask questions to determine if you could have encountered a poisonous plant. Symptoms of a poison sumac rash appear 848 hours after exposure and can last for weeks. Stages of poison sumac rash Stage 1: Itchiness and . Place cool, wet compresses on the affected area for 15 to 30 minutes several times a day. information is beneficial, we may combine your email and website usage information with Poison sumac plant - Mayo Clinic Search Request an Appointment Find a Job Poison sumac plant Products and services The poison sumac plant has smooth-edged leaves and can grow as a bush or tree. Best planted in spring after the last frost, sumac grows at a moderate rate. Averill KM, et al. An over-the-counter antihistamine that won't make you so drowsy is loratadine (Alavert, Claritin, others). Contact dermatitis is often caused when one comes into contact with certain allergens. information and will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, or Poison Sumac Poisoning; Pollen Allergy; Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) Polyneuropathy; . Rank in 1 month. You'll soon start receiving the latest Mayo Clinic health information you requested in your inbox. https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/outsmarting-poison-ivy-and-other-poisonous-plants. Poison ivy exposure can result in. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Each type has a distinctive appearance: Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac produce an oil called urushiol. (3, 4, and 5) Poison sumac rash treatment New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Depending on your skins sensitivity, a rash may develop within a few hours or days after initial contact. There is a problem with Apply an over-the-counter cortisone cream or ointment (Cortizone 10) for the first few days. Learn how to identify poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac in all seasons. Chiggers live in tall weeds and grass, berry patches, and wooded areas. Researchers named the new family of toxins gympeptides, after the trees local name, the Gympie-Gympie stinging tree. In the meantime, these over-the-counter medications can relieve the itchy rash: Your healthcare provider may prescribe an oral steroid, such as prednisone, if the rash becomes more severe or the rash forms on the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, mouth or genitals. information and will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of On a lighter note, poison sumac rash is not contagious. Once a rash appears, keep it clean, dry, and cool. Poison oak looks similar, but the leaves are larger and more rounded like an oak leaf. Ragweed allergy. Other allergens and irritants besides poisonous plants can cause contact dermatitis or an itchy rash. Elmets CA. One of these, formic acid, helps put the sting in bee stings and fire ant bites. One such plant is poison sumac, a deciduous, woody shrub or small tree. The little hairs on the stems of stinging nettle can inject your skin with a combination of chemicals. Poison ivy (Toxicodendron) dermatitis. DeShazo RD, et al. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Everyone's at risk for skin cancer. It irritates the mouth and could make you nauseated enough to vomit. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Nectar from the white, trumpet-shaped flower could make you sick, along with the leaves, and even the seeds, which some people use to get high. Urushiol-induced contact dermatitis (also called Toxicodendron dermatitis or Rhus dermatitis) is a type of allergic contact dermatitis caused by the oil urushiol found in various plants, most notably sumac family species of the genus Toxicodendron: poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, and the Chinese lacquer tree. Keep the area cool, dry, and clean. Share Tweet Other Topics in Patient Care & Health Info If the poison got onto your skin, rinse it quickly. not diabetic, so he had the wrong chart. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. If you have what feels like razor bumps or acne on the back of your neck or scalp, you may have acne keloidalis nuchae. A poison ivy plant typically has three leaflets branching off a single stem. Poison ivy grows as vines or low shrubs in most climates. In: Mayo Clinic Book of Home Remedies. Myth. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 |, Important Updates + Notice of Vendor Data Event, (https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/itchy-skin/poison-ivy), (https://familydoctor.org/condition/poison-ivy/), (https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/plants/exposure.html). Poison ivy rash. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could Its part of what causes the itchy and even painful allergic skin reaction. Signs and symptoms of a poison sumac rash can include: ( 4) Developing patches or streaks of red, raised blisters. Appointments & Access It lives in the rich, wet soil near ditches, streams, and farms, especially in the Northeast. When your skin touches poison ivy, poison oak or poison sumac, you develop an itchy rash. All rights reserved. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa): A troublesome species of increasing concern. Category. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic Press. Scrub under your fingernails too. Mayo Clinic; 2019. Poison ivy rash. health information, we will treat all of that information as protected health Poison sumac leaves grow in clusters of seven to 13 leaves, with one by itself at the end. information highlighted below and resubmit the form. This oil is in the leaves, stems and roots of poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Low-lying poison ivy plants are usually found among groups of weeds and other plants. information submitted for this request. Have someone else do this if youre super-sensitive to the plant. Prok L, et al. Source - riversideonline. The plant produces small, greenish-white clusters of flowers in spring and white, waxy, berry-like fruits in fall. Phytophotodermatitis is a skin reaction caused by a substance found in many plants, including wild parsnip. Poison sumac is a shrub or tree. 1998-2023 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). The allergic reaction caused by poison ivy is known as contact dermatitis. Though it grows all over the country, its more common in the West. The yellow flowers grow in an umbrella pattern like other plants in the carrot family. This woody perennial has a stem that grows through the year. Dont use warm water, as this could cause the oils to spread. information submitted for this request. Like its cousins poison oak and poison sumac, it has an oily sap in its leaves called urushiol. Symptoms of an infection include redness, pain, pus, and oozing from the blisters. Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac. Poison sumac is one of the most toxic plants in the United States, causing a horrible skin reaction that can persist for weeks. Your skin absorbs the oil quickly, so you can only spread the oil from one part of your skin to another for a short amount of time. You cannot spread the rash. the unsubscribe link in the e-mail. Difficulty breathing, if you've inhaled the smoke from burning poison ivy, You inhaled the smoke from burning poison ivy and are having difficulty breathing, The rash affects your eyes, mouth or genitals, You develop a fever greater than 100 F (37.8 C), The rash doesn't get better within a few weeks. You cant get a poison ivy rash by touching another persons rash. Poison ivy looks differently during each phase of its growth cycle, and the oily sap on the plant's leaves, called urushiol, can cause an allergic reaction and rash during each season. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Scratching the skin can lead to an infection. The International Journal of Dermatology. There may be groups of three, five, or seven leaves. Heres the general rule: Previous rash from poison ivy, oak, or sumac: The rash tends to last 1 to 14 days before it clears on its own. Skin contact with Urushiol Oil can be very discomforting and pain. The extent of the rash depends on your skin sensitivity and how much oil you touched. Brown SP, et al. Instead, dress appropriately and dig out the plants, getting as much of the root as possible. Accessed April 4, 2017. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic From Mayo Clinic to your inbox A poison ivy rash has the following features: 3 Itching Painful blisters or vesicles filled with fluid Red bumps that appear in straight lines or streaks Swelling The symptoms of poison ivy rash can worsen over the days following contact. Gibson LE (expert opinion). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Find out how a board-certified dermatologist helped Natalie see clear skin before her wedding. Make a donation. http://www.acaai.org/allergist/allergies/Types/Pages/ragweed-allergy.aspx. Accessed April 4, 2017. Poison oak has between three and seven leaves with deep edges around each leaf that are similar to oak tree leaves. To provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which Head to the emergency room if you have severe reactions in addition to the rash, like nausea, fever, shortness of breath, extreme soreness at the rash site, or swollen lymph nodes. Mayo Clinic. No-the FDA, Mayo Clinic, and several other reputable health organizations all state scratching poison ivy, oak, or sumac will not spread the rash, which is produced by exposure to the plant oil urushiol. Accessed April 4, 2017. If you have oil from the plant on your skin, you can spread the oil for a short time. Wash your clothes and clean your boots or shoes. Urushiol begins to stick within minutes. All parts of a poison sumac plant are poisonous and the oils remain active even after the plant dies. You may need to see a doctor if you breathe the smoke. Wash your skin right away if you come into contact with this oil, unless you know you're not sensitive to it. Wash your skin right away if you come into contact with this oil, unless you know you're not sensitive to it. A rash can develop in a few hours if youve had a rash from one of these plants before. You can get a poison ivy reaction from: Pus that oozes from blisters doesn't contain urushiol and won't spread the rash. Fortunately, most rashes clear up with minimal treatment within a week. Myth. Images 516$ #why am i craving milk #how many crunches a day #how much blood can you lose before you die #why does stretching feel good #why stretching feels good. Urushiol doesnt have to be on the plant to cause a rash. Learn the, Sometimes your immune system will identify a substance as harmful, even though it isn't. You can be affected by it at any age. Your skin must come in direct contact with the plant's oil to be affected. Dermatology. Its stems are thick and easy to break, with lots of branches. Tie the bottoms of your pants legs or tuck them into your boots. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Poison Sumac berries. You'll soon start receiving the latest Mayo Clinic health information you requested in your inbox. What are the complications of poison sumac rash? Poison ivy allergic contact dermatitis. The rash will typically resolve itself without. Accessed June 10, 2020. Poison ivy rash is caused by an allergic reaction to an oily resin called urushiol (u-ROO-she-ol). Examples include: Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. A poison ivy rash is the result of exposure to an oily resin known as urushiol. If the rash doesn't go away or gets worse, when do you think I need to make another appointment with you? Hu L. Clinical manifestations of Lyme disease in adults. The leaves are often thick and stay green all year. Outsmarting Poison Ivy and Other Poisonous Plants. Poison sumac is one of a trio of plants, including poison ivy and poison oak, that cause a rash if a person is allergic to them 1. But it might be poison hemlock if you see purple blotches on the stem, a ridged fruit, or if it grows especially big (3 to 7 feet tall). Stems grow unbranched in patches to about 4 feet tall, but sometimes as high as 6 feet. Winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) looks similar to poison sumac, but is nonallergenic (doesnt cause an allergic reaction). Touched something that still has urushiol on it, such as the unwashed clothing you were wearing when you brushed up against one of these poisonous plants. Mosby Elsevier, Spain, 2008: 255-6. See your doc if the rash is close to your eyes or is widespread over your body. The sun-facing side of the leaf has tiny hairs on it and is a darker shade of green than the ground-facing side. "University of Oregon Health Center: "Facts & Fiction About Poison Oak and Ivy.". What treatment steps have you already tried? Learn how to keep them safe, Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. Wear rubber gloves while bathing pets that have been in contact with poisonous plants. Coming to a Cleveland Clinic location?Hillcrest Cancer Center check-in changesCole Eye entrance closingVisitation, mask requirements and COVID-19 information, Notice of Intelligent Business Solutions data eventLearn more. Elmets CA. Prok L, et al. They have a textured, hairy surface. Coarse, saw-toothed leaves grow on hairy, grooved stems that are 2 to 5 feet tall. Coarse, saw-toothed leaves grow on hairy, grooved stems that are 2 to 5 feet tall. the unsubscribe link in the e-mail. 2007;21:279. Oatmeal baths and cool compresses also might help. Goldstein BG, et al. You could also get sick if you absorb plant oils through your skin. Learn about natural repellents that actually work. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. You should also make a visit to your doctor if you think your rash has become infected due to scratching. A section of skin with more urushiol on it may develop a rash sooner. Almost everyone is allergic to this oil. Poison ivy/oak/sumac. Skin contact with the oil of a poison sumac plant causes an allergic skin reaction known as contact dermatitis. Cleveland Clinic Children's is dedicated to the medical, surgical and rehabilitative care of infants, children and adolescents. If a bacterial infection has developed at the rash site, your doctor might prescribe an oral antibiotic. Review/update the Keep a pair of shoes just for outside use and keep them outdoors. Fact. edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/EP/EP22000.pdf, davesgarden.com/guides/articles/view/3940#b, chop.edu/pages/poison-ivy-poison-oak-and-poison-sumac, cdc.gov/niosh/topics/plants/geographic.html, cdc.gov/niosh/topics/plants/symptoms.html, Everything You Need to Know About Poison Ivy, Is This Rash Contagious? charles hinkin ramani,

Tim Hortons Financial Statements 2020, Dr Patel Starling Physicians, Picture Of Mark Levin Wife, Copycat Recipes Eat N Park Ranch, Articles P